Marked straight pulls

The first CS ever patented was the Henshall button corkscrew invented by Samuel Henshall in 1795. The button approach is simple but also a superb invention to extract the cork. By turning the screw the cork also turns releasing the resistance and the amount of cork in the bottle decreases as the screw turns. The button of the corkscrew stops the screw to penetrate further inte the cork.


Corkscrew makers were inspired by Henshall and became increasingly aware of the importance to protect the design of their corkscrews.


The Henshall's were developed over time after Henshall's patent had expired. One significant improvement was an improvement of the grip. Later claws on the underside were added as a revolutionary improvement. The claws were improved by spikes entered into the cork to create the stability of the worm and to prevent the cork from turning.


Many manufacturers made a Henshall copy and marked the buttom with their name. These badges are interesting as they reveal a part of which players were in the marketplace during the industrial revolution. Below I show some typical examples of market direct pulls from Willmot & Roberts and Rodgers & Sons together with some other direct pull designs.


A clear improvement to the direct pull corkcrews were corkscrews were the outher part of the cork was penetrated by means of fixating the cork by vertical spikes. In this way the cork was fixed as was clearly looking to the handle. William Maud obtained two patents which were basically the same. He used a disc to lock and unlock the spikes using reciprocal ratchet teeth on the disc to achieve the looking to the handle. These patents were granted 1894/1895.

An example of a henshall button direct pull. Made by Mabson and Labron of Birmingham.

A James Stone 1879 pull. Generally, the handle will loose becuase of the force withdrawing the cork.

A nice example of William Mauds second patent.

A Dray from 1843 with replaceable worm.

A rare Rodgers & Son, Birmingham ca. 1840. The worm has been added to the champagne snip design.

A Berkeley 1892 registration.

Henshall type with button by Willmot & Roberts.

Rodgers & Son.

A straight pull with Henshall button. A design known beeing manufactured by Hipkins.